The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) started, as a pilot project in 1978 and was included as one of the component of Accelerated Health Programme in 1983. After wards it was integrated into regular Health Services in 1985. The vaccination for Hepatitis B was included in routine immunization from the year 2002 and for Hib meningitis & Pneumonia in the year 2008.
The major activity of EPI is to carry out vaccination of all children of under two years of age against eight vaccine preventable diseases i.e. Poliomyelitis, Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Measles, Neonatal Tetanus, Hepatitis B and Hib meningitis & Pneumonia and of pregnant women against Tetanus.